Senegal is a largely peaceful country with a functioning democracy. Whilst the country has enjoyed a stable democracy, several security challenges remain. But the country’s stability is undermined by the insurgency in the Cassamance region. Cassamance, located further South of the country, in the South of The Gambia is plagued by a 40 year insurgency.
The insurgency is sustained by a pervasive history of marginalization and underdevelopment. Decades of the violent insurgency have left behind a distrustful relationship between security forces, local population and the rebel forces. Cassamance remain the single biggest source of security concern for the country.